If you want a pool with clear and transparent water, whether it’s an above-ground pool, an underground pool, a saltwater pool, or a spa pool, daily maintenance is inevitable. 

Some people may think that maintaining a pool of such size must be time-consuming and laborious. In fact, if you understand the operational mechanism of the pool, you won’t think so. This guide will help you with all you need to know about cleaning your pool.

pool maintenance tools

Why We Need Pool Maintenance

A clean and hygienic pool carries the joy of the whole family throughout the entire summer. Regular pool cleaning can prevent the growth of bacteria and microorganisms in the water, thereby reducing the risk of disease transmission. In addition, regular cleaning also helps extend the lifespan of pool equipment, reducing maintenance costs.

Components of Swimming Pool–Main Cleaning Objects

Pool Water

The water in the pool is key to maintaining the enjoyment of the pool. Clean water can safeguard the health of you and your family, preventing the entry of bacteria bred in the water. A crystal-clear pool surface enhances its aesthetic appeal and contributes to protecting the surrounding environment, preventing the overflow of pollutants. It also reduces wear and corrosion on pool equipment, helping to extend their lifespan and reduce maintenance costs.

Pool Interior

The pool liner inevitably comes into contact with pool water and various debris. Residues and algae may be left on the walls or bottom. Regularly cleaning the pool walls and floor helps maintain the cleanliness and safety of the pool water.

Pool Circulation System

The power behind water circulation is the pool pump, and the pump’s filter basket captures many debris. Once the filter basket is full, it affects the pump’s performance, making regular cleaning of the pump filter basket crucial. Another essential equipment is the filter, which removes dirt and debris from the water. Regularly cleaning the pool pump and filter ensures the proper functioning of the water circulation system.

The Three Big Points of Pool Cleaning

Water Circulation

The pool water circulation system is like the bloodstream of the pool, continuously delivering filtered and clean water through the entire system. Stagnant water can lead to dead zones, so the pool pump and filtration equipment prevent the growth of algae and moss. As water flows through, large debris and trash are caught by the pump basket and filter basket, and then the clean water is pushed back into the pool.

swimming pool cleaning

Cleaning Step

Pool Maintenance Tools:

  1. Pool Brush: Cleans algae, dirt, and other debris adhering to the pool walls and bottom.
  2. Pool Vacuum: Effectively removes miscellaneous items, sand, leaves, and other debris from the pool bottom, ensuring its cleanliness.
  3. Pool Skimmer Net: Retrieves floating items in the pool such as leaves, large debris, and toys.
  • Leaf Scoop: Used to gently skim and remove small debris at the water line in pools, particularly suitable for smaller or above-ground pools. Not suitable for cleaning the pool bottom.
  • Leaf Rake: Used for removing larger debris from the surface and pool floor.
  • Leaf Shovel: Used for clearing larger debris from the pool surface and floor, especially designed with a tilted edge along the frame to make it easy to scoop up fragments.
  1. Water Test Kit: Tests the acidity and alkalinity of the water. 
  • pH Level: The ideal range for pool pH is 7.2 to 7.8. A low pH, indicating acidity, can lead to rapid disinfectant breakdown, shortened residual chlorine duration, reduced coagulation and precipitation effects, cloudy water, and equipment corrosion. A high pH, indicating alkalinity, can inhibit the effective action of chlorine, reducing disinfection, sterilization, coagulation, and precipitation effects, and causing hair to become stiff.
  • Calcium Hardness: The standard range is 200-400 ppm. If pool water has high calcium hardness and the pH or total alkalinity is elevated, it can lead to precipitation, causing cloudy water, blockages in outlets and filters, and promoting the growth of algae and bacteria.
  • Alkalinity: The total alkalinity of pool water should be controlled within 60mg/L-200mg/L, helping to control pH variations and maintain water balance.

Pool Maintenance Step:

  1. Use a pool brush to clean the parts of the pool walls and bottom with algae.
  2. Use a skimmer net to scoop up large debris such as fallen leaves and toys from the pool.
  3. Use a pool vacuum to clean the sand and debris from the pool bottom by vacuuming.
  4. When the pressure on the pool filter reaches 10 psi, it is necessary to backwash.

How to Backwash:

  1. First, turn off the filtration system.
  2. Connect the backwash hose to the waste or backwash port.
  3. Turn the multiport valve to the backwash position.
  4. Turn the filtration system back on, allowing water to flow out through the backwash port and the backwash hose for about one minute or until the water runs clear.
  5. Turn off the filtration system and turn the multiport valve to the ‘Rinse’ position.
  6. Turn the filtration system back on and rinse the filter for about one minute.
  7. Turn off the filtration system and turn the multiport valve to the ‘Filter’ position.

Water Chemistry

pool chemical test


  1. Algaecide: An appropriate amount of algaecide can eliminate green algae in the pool.
  2. PH Increaser or Decreaser: Used to adjust the pH level of the pool.If the pH is too low, add baking soda (sodium carbonate) or sodium bicarbonate. If the pH is too high, add hydrochloric acid or sodium bisulfate to the pool.”
  3. Pool Sanitizer: Eliminates bacteria, microorganisms, and maintains the hygiene and safety of the pool water.
  4. Pool Shock: Oxidizes organic substances in the water, ensuring water clarity and transparency. In general, the more frequently you use the pool, the more often you should shock it.

When We Need Pool Maintenance

Pool maintenance is a long-term task with different cleaning tasks at each stage. Here are some suggestions for pool maintenance:

  • Operate the pool filtration system for at least 8-12 hours every day. If 24/7 operation is needed, consider using a variable-speed pump.
  • Brush the pool daily.
  • Vacuum the pool once a week.
  • Clean the skimmer basket 1-2 times a week.
  • Test the pool water 1-2 times a week.
  • Shock the pool every 1-2 weeks.
  • Clean the pump basket monthly.
  • Maintain the chemical balance of the pool water.
  • Regularly clean the skimmer and pump baskets.
  • Periodically check the filter pressure gauge and backwash when the pressure reaches 10 psi.

How To Do Pool Maintenance If You Are On Vacation?

Taking some preventive measures before departure can keep your pool in good condition during your absence, saving you a significant amount of cleaning time and money upon your return.


  1. Before leaving, ensure to empty the pool pump and skimmer basket, skim away all floating debris, and vacuum out any debris settled at the bottom. 
  2.  If your vacation is only for a few days, you can skip shocking the pool before departure. However, if your vacation is at least a week, it’s a good idea to shock the pool before leaving, preferably 2-3 times, allowing the pump to run for several hours before departure.
  3. Investing in a pool pump timer is beneficial. Set the pool pump’s operating time to ensure the pool circulates for at least 8 hours every day.
  4. Using a pool cover can prevent debris like leaves from falling into the pool. Additionally, a pool cover reduces water evaporation, thereby minimizing chemical loss. Without direct sunlight on the water surface, algae find it challenging to thrive


In conclusion, this post provides pool owners with practical tips for efficient maintenance.From daily cleaning to water chemistry, the guide walks you through each step, aiming to provide pool owners with a clean, sanitary, and comfortable swimming environment. Following these guidelines can also help you save costs on pool cleaning.


Q:When is the best time to open a pool?

You should open the pool when daytime temperatures are consistently above 70 degrees, a temperature that does not encourage algae growth and is less expensive.


Q:How To Open A Pool in Spring ?

  1. Remove the pool cover
  2. Remove debris from the water
  3. Remove all winterizing components and reinstall pool features
  4. Fill the pool
  5. Inspect and turn on your pool equipment
  6. Test and balance the pool water
  7. Clean the pool walls
  8. Shock the pool water
  9. Run the filter


Q:How To Winterize A Pool In Winter ?

  1. Remove all the pool accessories
  2. Clean the pool
  3. Test and adjust the water chemistry
  4. Lower the water level
  5. Store the pool equipment
  6. Cover the pool