A pool brings summer coolness and moments of family joy. To enjoy this happiness long-term, regular pool maintenance is essential. Cleaning the pool is a key step in maintaining clear water. Using a vacuum regularly on the pool floor and walls not only effectively removes debris but also enhances water quality, creating a comfortable, healthy swimming environment. This article will provide you with a step-by-step guide on how to vacuum your pool correctly.

The pool vacuum cleaner is a cleaning tool that utilizes the power from the pool pump to generate suction, removing debris from the pool floor. It consists of a vacuum head, hose, and telescopic pool pole.

The Benefits Of Pool Vacuum

  • Cost-Effective:Manual vacuuming is a budget-friendly choice, with lower purchase and maintenance costs compared to robotic cleaners. Doing it yourself is much more economical than hiring help.
  • Control Over Cleaning Areas:Manual vacuuming allows you to target specific areas, ensuring thorough cleaning exactly where needed, covering every corner. In contrast, robotic cleaners may miss various debris.
  • Simple Operation: Manual vacuuming is a straightforward and user-friendly method. Even pool owners without   advanced technical knowledge can easily handle the process.

What You’ll Need

Pool skimmer net: Collects larger debris and leaves from the pool surface.

Vacuum head: Creates a suction inlet with an attached brush to scrub off surface algae.

Telescopic pole: Aids in reaching the center of the pool with the vacuum head and hose.

Vacuum hose: Connects the vacuum head to the pool pump through the skimmer inlet, providing the power to suction small debris.

Step To Vacuum A Pool


Step1 Skim The Pool

To prevent large debris from clogging the vacuum during cleaning, start by using a skimmer net to scoop up visible fragments, leaves, toys, and other larger debris from the surface of the swimming pool.

pool skimmer net

Step2 Turn On the Pool Pump

When using a manual vacuum in the pool, the filtration system must remain open. If the pool water isn’t very dirty, set the filter valve to ‘filter’. If the pool is heavily contaminated with a significant amount of debris, set the filter to ‘waste’. This helps to easily dispose of debris and fragments into the drain. When the filter is set to waste, the pool water level decreases, so ensure there’s a garden hose in the pool to continuously replenish the water source.

Step3 Assemble the Vacuum

Ensure you have a sufficiently long pole to easily reach the center of the pool. Attach the vacuum head to the end of the telescopic pool pole and connect one end of the vacuum hose to the vacuum head.

Assemble the Pool Vacuum

Step4 Submerge the Pool Vacuum

The next step is to immerse the vacuum head in the water, ensuring the hose is completely submerged to expel air. If unsure, observe the loose end of the hose until it’s filled with water. Insert the loose end of the hose into the skimmer plate; after connecting the hose, place the plate into the skimmer on the pool wall directly above the suction port.

Step5 Vacuum the Pool

It is recommended to start vacuuming from the shallower end of the pool. Hold the telescopic pool pole and slowly move the vacuum head along the pool floor. Rapid movements may stir up more debris. For optimal efficiency, use an S-shaped route for vacuuming back and forth. If debris accumulates significantly, stop vacuuming, turn off the pool pump, clean the filter basket, and then restart the pool pump.

vacuum a pool


Step6 Disconnect the Hose

When you are satisfied with the cleaning results, detach the hose from the skimmer plate, then dismantle the hose, extension pole, and vacuum head. Allow the vacuum cleaner and all accessories to air dry before storing for future use. If there is a filter, perform a backwash after completing the vacuuming.



Manually vacuuming the pool is not a challenging task, and the tools required are quite simple. To maintain a healthy, clean pool environment, it’s recommended to vacuum the pool every 1-2 weeks, adjusting the frequency based on pool usage and cleanliness.



Q: Can Pool Vacuuming Remove Algae From a Swimming Pool?

Algae can be challenging to remove, especially in corners and crevices. Vacuuming helps eliminate potential debris and leaves, reducing the chances of algae growth. Some vacuum heads are now designed with brushes to effectively remove algae from the pool floor

Q:Should I Shock The Pool Before I Vacuum It?

You should clean and vacuum the pool first then add shock chlorine.